The British Library

Historical Calendar - October

Historic events for October

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Sheep image
1795

Robert Bakewel, English agriculturist who revolutionized sheep and cattle breeding in England by methodical selection, dies.

King Richard III
1452

King Richard III of England, born.

St Francis of Assisi image
1226

Francis of Assisi, dies.

Holy Bible image
1537

The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed.

Map of Spain
1796

Spain declares war on England.

Thomas Wyatt image
1542

Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b.1503), dies.

Edgar Allan Poe
1849

Edgar Allan Poe, dies.

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Oliver Wendell Holmes
1894

Oliver Wendell Holmes, American physician and writer, dies.

Sarah Bernhardt
1905

Sarah Bernhardt, actress, suffers an accident resulting in the amputation of her leg.

Emmeline Pankhurst in the news
1903

Emmeline Pankhurst forms the Women's Social and Political Union to fight for female emancipation.

Boer War news report
1899

Boer War begins.

King John
1216

King John of England loses the crown jewels in 'The Wash'.

Lillie Langtry
1853

Lillie Langtry, actress, born.

Battle of Hastings
1066

The Battle of Hastings.

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Map of Cambridge
1827

Charles Darwin accepted into Christ's College, Cambridge.

Marie Antoinette Image
1793

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, is guillotined.

Frederic Chopin image
1849

Frédéric Chopin, Polish-French musician and composer, dies

Phillis Wheatley image
1775

African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.

Sir Thomas Browne image
1605

Sir Thomas Browne, Physician and writer, born London. (He died this day, in Norwich, 1682).

Heart image
1812

Austin Flint, American physician and pioneer of heart research, born.

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie image
1862

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, British physiologist and surgeon, born.

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Kingsley Amis image
1985

Kingsley Amis, English novelist, poet, critic and teacher died (b.1922).

Creation image
4004 BC

Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher.

Image
1830

Marianne North, English naturalist and flower painter (d.1890), born.

Paul Ableman image
2006

Paul Ableman, English playwright and novelist died. (b.1927).

Alfred the Great image
899

Alfred the Great, king of Wessex (871-99) and burner of cakes, dies.

James Cook image
1728

James Cook, English navigator, born.

Ted Hughes image
1998

Ted Hughes, English poet and children's writer died. (b.1930).

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Oracle bone image
1971

First successful use of electricity to repair a bone fracture is reported by surgeons at the University of Pennsylvania.

War of the Worlds image
1938

Orson Wells causes panic with his radio broadcast of 'War of the Worlds'.

Arthur Conan Doyle image
1892

Arthur Conan Doyle publishes 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes'.






 

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