The British Library

Historical Calendar - July

Historic events for July

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American Civil War image
1863

The Battle of Gettysburg began. A major battle of the American civil war.

Prince Rupert image
1644

The Battle of Marston Moor. A significant battle of the English civil war. The Parliamentarian army defeated the Royalists, under the command of Prince Rupert.

Tom Stoppard image
1937

Tom Stoppard, British dramatist, born.

Alice in Wonderland image
1865

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland first published.

Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica image
1687

Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

Coronation of Richard I image
1189

Richard Ist (known as the lion heart) is crowned King of England.

Pinocchio image
1883

The puppet character Pinocchio first appears in print.

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Move on! Where? image
1884

The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) was founded in London.

José de San Martin (1778-1850). Argentine general image
1816

Argentina declares independence from Spain.

John Calvin image
1509

John Calvin, French theologian and reformer, born.

The 'Resolution' image
1776

Captain James Cook begins his third voyage.

Battle of the Boyne image
1690

Commemoration of The Battle of the Boyne. Fought between the armies of the Catholic King James II and the Protestant King William III of Orange.

John Dee image
1527

John Dee, English scientist, born.

Scene from the French Revolution Image
Bastile Day

The French national holiday celebrating the storming of the Bastille, the fortress/prison, in the early months of the French Revolution.

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Peasant's Revolt image
1381

John Ball, a leader in the Peasant’s revolt is hung, drawn and quartered.

Coronation of Richard II image
1377

Coronation of Richard II of England.

Siege of Castillion sur Dordogne image
1453

The Battle of Castillon, the concluding battle of the Hundred Years' War between France and England.

WG Grace image
1848

Dr William Gilbert Grace (“WG Grace”), considered to be the first great cricketer, born.

Witch image
1692

Salem witch trials. Six women hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.

Birth of Alexander the Great image
356BC

Birth of Alexander the Great.

Robert Burns image
1796

Robert Burns, Scottish poet, dies.

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Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington and his staff image
1812

The Battle of Salamanca. A significant battle of the Peninsular war, when the British forces under Arthur Wellesley inflicted a defeat on the French.

Dr David Livingstone image
1864

Dr Livingstone, the Scottish Congregationalist pioneer and medical missionary, returns to England from his failed Zambezi expedition.

Alexandre Dumas image
1802

Alexandre Dumas, French novelist born.

Admiral Lord Nelson image
1797

Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife Island (Spain).

George Bernard Shaw image
1856

George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer and dramatist, born.

Advertisement for Monterrey Cigarrillos Habanos image
1586

Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia.

Thomas Cromwell image
1540

King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed.

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William Wilberforce image
1833

William Wilberforce, English abolitionist, dies.

City of Baghdad image
762

The city of Baghdad founded by caliph Al-Mansur.

St. Ignatius Loyola image
1556

St. Ignatius Loyola, Spanish priest and founder of the Jesuits, dies.






 

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