The British Library

Historical Calendar - December

Historic events for December

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Edmund Campion
1581

Edmund Campion is hung, drawn and quartered for treason.

Napoleon Bonaparte
1804

Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French.

Joseph Conrad
1857

Joseph Conrad, Polish-born British writer, born.

Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
1131

Persian astronomer, mathematician and poet Omar Khayyam dies in Nishapur.

Christina Rosseti
1830

Christina Rossetti, British poet, born.

Football team
1873

America’s first international football (soccer) game was played in New Haven, CT. Yale defeated Eton (England) 2-1.

Marshal Ney
1815

Marshal Ney is executed.

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The Clifton Suspension Bridge
1864

The Clifton Suspension Bridge over the River Avon was officially opened.

William Gladstone
1868

William Gladstone becomes Prime Minister.

Marin Luther
1520

Martin Luther burns the papal bull.

King Louis XVI
1792

King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.

Ludwig Van Beethoven
1792

Ludwig Van Beethoven (22) receives first lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn in Vienna.

Sir Francis Drake
1577

Sir Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.

Boxing
1915

Jack Johnson becomes the 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion.

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Railway map
1906

The Great Nothern Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (now the Piccadilly line) becomes the third line of the London Underground.

Oliver Cromwell
1653

Oliver Cromwell is installed as Lord Protector.

Sir Humphry Davy
1778

Sir Humphry Davy, British chemist and physicist, born.

Charles Darwin
1832

Charles Darwin visits Vurland.

A Christmas Carol
1843

A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens, is first published in England.

Belgium
1830

England, France, Prussia, Austria & Russia recognize Belgium.

Philip Larkin
1946

On December 21st 1946 Philip Larkin sent Monica Jones a letter. One of 1,421 letters and 521 postcards sent between December 1946 and April 1984.

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Balloon
1870

Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse.

Ear
1888

Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear.

Harold Pinter
2008

Harold Pinter, British playwright (b.1930), died.

Christmas Day
Christmas Day

 

Louis XVI
1792

The final trial of Louis XVI begins in Paris, France.

Peter Pan
1904

James Barrie's play Peter Pan premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London.

Westminster Abbey
1065

Westminster Abbey is consecrated.

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Thomas Becket
1170

Murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Rudyard Kipling
1865

Rudyard Kipling, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate, born in Bombay.

East India Company crest
1600

British East India Company chartered.






 

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