The British Library

Historical Calendar - August

Historic events forAugust

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Edward IV image1461

Edward IV is crowned King of England.

Declaration of Independance image1776

Formal signing of the American Declaration of Independence.

Roger Casement image
1916

Irish patriot Sir Roger Casement hanged for treason after seeking German backing for the Sinn Fein rebellion.

Gibraltar image
1704

An Anglo-Dutch force capture Gibralter during the War of the Spanish Succession. The territory was subsequently ceded to Britain by Spain under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

Henry I image
1100

Henry I crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.

Alfred Tennyson image
1809

Alfred Tennyson, English poet, born. One of his poems ‘the charge of the light brigade’, immortalised that military disaster of 1854.

Chimney Sweeps image
1840

The British Parliament passed an Act prohibiting the use of 'climbing boys' as chimney sweeps.

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Battle of Gravelines images
1588

Anglo -Spanish War. Completion of the naval battle of Gravelines, which resulted in the defeat of the Spanish Armada, and ended the invasion threat.

Edward VII image
1902

Edward VII is crowned king of the United Kingdom.

World map image
1519

Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe via the 'Strait of Magellan'.

St Clare of Assisi image
Christian feast day: St Clare of Assisi (1194-1253). Italian saint who founded the order of poor ladies.
William Blake image
1827

William Blake,  English poet, painter, engraver and mystic, died.

Florence Nightingale image
1910

Florence Nightingale, English nurse and hospital reformer, died.

Battle of Aljubarrota image
1385

The Battle of Aljubarrota, during the Portuguese crisis of 1383-1385. Forces commanded by King John I defeated the Castilian army of King John I.

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Sir Walter Scott image
1771

Sir Walter Scott, Scottish novelist and poet, born.

Wagner image
1876

Wagner's Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth, Germany.

Robert Fulton image
1807

Robert Fulton's "North River Steam Boat" (known as the "Clermont") began heading up New York's Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany.

Genghis Khan image
1227

The Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan died.

Afghanistan map
1919

Afghanistan gains independence from Great Britain.

St Bernard of Clairvaux image
1153

Feast day of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux.

Aubrey Beardsley image
1872

Aubrey Beardsley, English illustrator, born.

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Haitian Slave Revolution Image
1791

Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue.

Opium War image
1839

The United Kingdom captured Hong Kong as a base in preparation for war with Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict would later be known as the First Opium War.

Magna Carta image
1215

Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid.

King Louis IX image
1270

King Louis IX issues his last instructions to eldest son, King Philip III, on his death-bed, at Tunis.

Telegraph map
1858

First news dispatch by telegraph.

Rome image
410

The sacking of  Rome by the Visigoths ended after three days.

Slavery image
1883

Slavery banned throughout British Empire.

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John Lilburne image
1657

John Lilburne, also known as Freeborn John, an English political agitator, associated with the Levellers, died.

Frankenstein image
1797

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer, born.

Police News image
1888

The body of Mary Ann Nichols found. This is generally accepted to be the first murder commited by Jack the Ripper.






 

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